The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid, which is the liquid in semen that protects, supports and helps transport sperm. It is located in front of the rectum and below the bladder. It surrounds the urethra, the tube that drains urine from the base of the bladder to the penis.
Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the prostate gland and create tumors. Most types of prostate cancer grow slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland, but other can be more aggressive and spread quickly to surrounding tissues. It may also metastasize (spread) throughout other areas of the body, such as the bones, lungs and liver.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men, affecting about one in six men in the United States. Since early diagnosis is important to survival, all men beginning at age 40 should undergo yearly screenings for prostate cancer.
Virtua Fox Chase Cancer Program
The Virtua Fox Chase Cancer Program offers a range of diagnostic procedures, advanced treatment options and personalized support services for men with suspected or diagnosed prostate cancer.
Each patient receives an individualized treatment plan based on the stage of prostate cancer as well as their age, health and personal choices. Patients may obtain an outpatient second opinion with a Fox Chase Cancer Center oncologist who comes to Virtua to meet with the patient and family.
Virtua Fox Chase Cancer Program's interdisciplinary care teams are staffed by oncology experts including board-certified, fellowship-trained surgical oncology specialists and medical oncologists. They have earned their fellowships from leading medical institutions such as New York University Medical Center, Duke University Medical Center, and Memorial Sloan-Kettering. Oncology certified and advanced practice nurses provide education and support to patients and their families.
Interdisciplinary clinical care teams may also include:
- Radiation oncologists
- Clinical oncology social workers
- Dietitians and physical therapists
- Oncology nurses
- Radiation nurses
The Virtua Fox Chase Cancer Program offers professional facilitated support and education programs, including the American Cancer Society's Man to Man Prostate Cancer Support Group.
Prostate Cancer Treatment and Services in South Jersey
The Virtua Fox Chase Cancer Program offers the latest options available to treat prostate cancer, including:
- Sophisticated radiation treatments – such as brachytherapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) – to precisely target prostate tumors and minimize side effects
- A full range of surgical options – such as nerve-sparing removal of the prostate and minimally invasive cryosurgery
- Hormone therapy – such as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonists & LHRH Antagonist
- Prostatectomy – surgery to remove or destroy part or all of the prostate gland
- Cryosurgery – a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses extremely cold temperatures to freeze and destroy cancer cells.
- A range of clinical trials through national and regional associations as well as those that originate at Fox Chase Cancer Center
The Virtua Fox Chase Cancer Program also offers Calypso GPS for the Body ®, which keeps the radiation focused to hit the tumor, not surrounding healthy tissue. The Calypso System accurately and precisely tracks the position of targeted tissue in real-time by using radiofrequency waves. It is the only real-time technology for prostate radiation therapy that safeguards the patient against additional, unnecessary radiation. In a recent clinical study, Calypso patients experienced significantly fewer side effects.
The Virtua Fox Chase Cancer Program provides a range of supportive services to help patients control pain, manage symptoms, relieve any side effects of therapy and deal with the emotional aspects of cancer.
Learn more about minimally invasive surgery through robotic-assisted surgery, which uses a state-of-the-art surgical system. The technology allows the doctor to perform complex procedures through just a few tiny openings. As a result, patients may be able to get back to life faster without the usual recovery following major surgery.