Colorectal surgery refers to surgery performed on the colon, rectum or both. Colorectal Surgery is performed for cancer as well as a range of non-cancerous (benign) conditions. If your doctor suggests surgery, learning about all available treatment options can help you make the best decision for your situation.
All surgeries carry risk, but traditional open surgery with a large incision has significant drawbacks – pain, trauma, a long recovery and risk of infection. Fortunately, less invasive surgical options are often available. The most common is conventional laparoscopic surgery. With this approach, your surgeon uses small incisions to insert long-shafted instruments to operate on the targeted organ or tissue. Laparoscopy may be effective for many routine procedures, but it has limits in colorectal surgery due to the complexity of these procedures.
If you need surgery to treat your colorectal condition, you may be a candidate for robotic-assisted surgery. Using the most advanced technology available today, robotic-assisted surgery allows your doctor to perform delicate and complex operations through a few tiny incisions with improved visualization of the surgical site with 3D magnification, enhanced dexterity and greater precision. The following benefits to the patient include:
- Excellent clinical outcomes for cancer control
- Shorter hospital stay
- Decreased risk of infection
- Quick return of bowel function
- Less pain from surgery
The specific robotic procedure used depends on the location of the involved colon or rectum. Robotic colorectal surgery can be used for colon and rectal polyps and cancers as well benign processes including diverticulitis, rectal prolapse and inflammatory bowel disease (crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis). The following are some of the procedures performed:
- Right and transverse colon resections
- Sigmoid colon resection
- Low anterior resection (LAR)
- Abdominoperineal resection (APR)
Physicians who perform robotic colorectal surgery: